(V OF 1898)

[22nd March, 1898]

An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to the Criminal Procedure



Form of Charges

221.   Charge to state offence. (1) Every charge under this Code shall state the offence with which the accused is charged.

(2)     Specific name of offence sufficient description. If the law which creates the offence gives it any specific name, the offence may be described in the charge by that name only.

(3)     How stated where offence has no specific name. If the law which creates the offence does not give it any specific name, so much of the definition of the offence must be stated as to give the accused notice of the matter with which he is charged.

(4)     The law and section of the law against which the offence is said to have been committed shall be mentioned in the charge.

(5)     What implied in charge. The fact that the charge is made is equivalent to a statement that every legal condition required by law to constitute the offence charged was fulfilled in the particulars case.

(6)     Language of charge. The charge shall be written either in English or in the language of the Court.

(7)     Previous conviction when to be set out. If the accused having been previously convicted of any offence, is liable, by reason of such previous conviction, to enhanced punishment, or to punishment of a different kind, for a subsequent offence, and it is intended to prove such previous conviction for the purpose of affecting the punishment which the Court may think fit to award for the subsequent offence, the fact, date and place of the previous conviction shall be stated in the charge. If such statement has been omitted the Court may add it any time before sentence is passed.


(a)        A is charged with the murder of B. This is equivalent to a statement that A's act fell within the definition of murder given in Sections 299 and 300 of the Pakistan Penal Code; that it did not fall within any of the general exceptions of the same Code; and that it did not fall within any of the five exceptions to Section 300, or that, if it did fall within Exception I, one or other of the three provisos to that exception apply to it.

(b)        A is charged, under Section 326 of the Pakistan Penal Code, with voluntarily causing grievous hurt to B by means of an instrument for shooting. This is equivalent to a statement that the case was not provided for by Section 335 of the Pakistan Penal Code, and that the general exceptions did not apply to it.

(c)        A is accused of murder, cheating, theft, extortion, adultery or criminal intimidation, or using a false property-mark. The charge may state that A committed murder, or cheating, or theft, or extortion, or adultery, or criminal intimidation, or that he used a false property-mark, without reference to the definitions of those crimes contained in the Pakistan Penal Code; but the sections under which the offence is punishable must, in each instance, be referred to in the charge.

(d)        A is charged, under Section 184 of the Pakistan Penal Code with intentionally obstructing a sale of property offered for sale by the lawful authority of a public servant. The charge should be in those words.